Four Different Finger Positions and Their Effects on Hemodynamic Changes during neonatal CPR
Background: The Neonatal Life Support Consensus on Science With Treatment Recommendations states that chest compressions (CC) be performed preferably with the 2-thumb encircling technique. The aim of this study was to compare the hemodynamic effects of four different finger positions during CC in a piglet model of neonatal asphyxia.
Methods: Seven asphyxiated post-transitional piglets were randomized to CC with 2-thumb-, 2-finger-, knocking-fingers-, and over-the-head 2-thumb-techniques for one minute at each technique. CC superimposed with sustained inflations were performed manually.
Results: Seven newborn piglets (age 0–4 days, weight 2.0–2.1 kg) were included in the study. The mean (SD) slope rise of carotid blood flow was significantly higher with the 2-thumb-technique and over-the-head 2-thumb-technique (118 (45) mL/min/s and 121 (46) mL/min/s, respectively) compared to the 2-finger-technique and knocking-finger-technique (75 (48) mL/min/s and 71 (67) mL/min/s, respectively) (p < 0.001). The mean (SD) dp/dtmin (as an expression of left ventricular function) was significantly lower with the 2-thumb-technique, with −1052 (369) mmHg/s, compared to −568 (229) mmHg/s and −578(180) mmHg/s (both p = 0.012) with the 2-finger-technique and knocking-finger-technique, respectively.
Conclusion: The 2-thumb-technique and the over-the-head 2-thumb-technique resulted in improved slope rises of carotid blood flow and dp/dtmin during chest compression.